Everything About Speargun

While there are many ways to fish, nothing comes close to the excitement and effectiveness of spearfishing. Imagine hunting for fish, choosing the one that you like and hunting it with your spear. It is really awesome.

The most important topic is “What kind of speargun should I buy ?” for the new friends. The speargun selection comes at the beginning of the problems that confuses the new friends. According to the muzzle structure in the market, open, closed, semi-open, in terms of the type of material in terms of Aluminum-Carbon-Wood and Semi-Wood, Length as long as 45-60-75-82-90-95-100-110cm.

When choosing the speargun we need to consider three important factors. Muzzle structure,  length and  type.

There are two main types of spearguns­— Pneumatic and band powered—that dominate the market today. Of these two speargun types, band powered guns are the most popular guns on the market. They are silent when shot and very easy to maintain (if need repairing).

Pneumatic Spearguns

Contrary to band powers spearguns; the pneumatic speargun spear has no bands or slings and are powered by the air. You simply insert the shaft into the speargun barrel and as you push it in, it compresses the air in the shaft and as you pull the trigger, that compressed air pushes the shaft back out.

While you do require a loader to make the loading process easier, they are generally easier to work with than band powered spearguns, especially the ones that have multiple bands on them.

The pneumatic spearguns are have a recoil. The thicker shaft used in these kind of guns is rather powerful and produces a greater impact and penetration, even on larger fish with shorter length of the gun.

These guns come in a variety of lengths ranging from small ones that start at 55cm to big ones that can be as long as 135cm. In general, these guns are compact  and powerful however for a beginner, it might take a little practice before they learn to get used to the shaft firing from the middle of the cylindrical barrel.

The only drawback these guns have is that they make noise when shot, which can very often scare off the other fish in the vicinity, making your task a bit harder in case you miss the aim. Apart from this, they require regular maintenance every couple of years and need to be cared for after each use.

Both these types of spearguns are effective at what they do and the kind you choose for solely depends on your level of expertise, your style of hunting and the kind of game that you want to hunt.



 Band-Powered Spearguns

Band-powered spearguns are very popular all arround the world. They are powerful, accurate weapons that are virtually silent when fired. Aiming is easy with a band-powered gun, especially with open muzzles where the diver can see the complete path of the shaft. Unlike Pneumatic spear guns, this gun’s power can be increased dramatically simply by adding more bands, which a diver can load one at a time thus achieving great combined power. Band-powered spear guns also require very little maintenance.

Most band-powered spearguns use a 6.5mm or 7mm (9/32”) shaft. Band-powered spearguns are measured from the muzzle to the handle. Popular lengths include 50cm, 75cm, 90cm, 100cm, 110cm, and 130cm (19.7” to 51.2”). The barrels on band-powered spearguns are made of aluminum, carbon fiber or wood. No special loader is required to load a band-powered gun, but it is recommended that the diver wears gloves and a chest loading pad as protection. Multi-band guns require more time to load, which increases depending on how many bands are installed on the gun.

One of the few downsides to using a band powered gun is the thin shaft thickness. The 6mm to 7mm (9/32”) shafts commonly employed for use with a band-powered gun will frequently bend if used on larger fish.

These guns are widely categorized in two styles- the American style speargun and the European style speargun.

-American spearguns

True to the American tradition, these spearguns are powerful and a very reliable underwater weapon. As compared to the European variety, these have a thicker shaft (8 to 9 mm as compared to 6 to 7.5mm wide European shafts) and are often known as ‘hip loaders’. They also provide the spearo the ability to install extra bands thereby increasing the overall power of the speargun. They are made with strong wood that provides superior balance and are compatible with double barbed spears and the slip tip mechanism.

These properties make them a very versatile weapon of choice and one that is ideal for hunting big fish. Their longer length also provides for a larger range of shooting.

-European Spearguns

The main advantage that these enjoy over their American counterparts is that they are very easy to maneuver and are much more silent than them. One of the reasons is the fact that they are smaller in length than the American spearguns. While those mostly come in sizes ranging from 81 to 152 cm, the European spearguns are usually 90 to 130 cm long. Since they are lighter, they are easy to aim with and are also a breeze to load.

The European speargun shaft has a hole at the back that is tied to the shooting line and this is very effective in reducing drag that you very often experience with the American type spearguns. As easy as these guns are to use, they are ideal only for small fish ranging up to 10 lbs. If you try to hunt bigger fish with it then you risk bending the shaft.


-Wooden Spearguns

These are the spearguns made of complete from wood materials. Wooden spearguns are very heavy and difficult to carry outside of sea. But when you put the wooden speargun in the sea, there is no trace of its weight on land. The heaviness of wooden rifles minimizes the recoil occurring when shooting. For this reason, a wooden speargun with the right shaft, rubber band and buoyancy setting, you can make hunts that ends with perfect results. In addition, because the mechanisms of wood rifles are high quality and durable, you can make double tire combinations with very strong tires.


If you ask me what kind of speargun you have started to this sport?

I started this sport with a 90cm speargun because I was about 90 kg and 180cm height and I was confident in myself. I used to use this speargun in a short period of time, even though it was a little hard to stretch the rubber band at first.

As you gain experience, a speargun of 75cm will become not useful to you and you will need a longer one. It’s up to you to choose to get rid of this burden by starting with a speargun of 90 cm directly.

I tried to explain you the kinds of spearguns, plus and minus aspects as much as I could. My suggestion is that if you still haven’t found an answer to the question of what type and size of speargun as a new beginner has to choose;

The open head is 75 or 82 cm in length, standard-aluminum and has a smooth mechanism  speargun will be the best. As I mentioned before, I started with a 90 cm speargun. If you trust yourself, you can get a speargun size of 90 cm.


Top 5 Best Sellers in Speargun

RankBrand NameProductRead More on Amazon 
1SEAC New Sting Sling SpeargunRead More
2Mares Bandit Sling Band SpeargunRead More
3Mares Sling Sniper Spear Gun for Scuba Diving & SpearfishingRead More
4Cressi Comanche RailRead More
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