Freediving & Spearfishing Equipment Selection Guide

Freediving is both relaxing and entertaining, as well as keeping people fit; it is a passion that opens the gates of a completely different world.

Diving is a pleasure, but security comes before it. It is not necessary to turn this vigorous sport into a deadly game. It should be kept in mind that every dive that is ignored by the rules carries the risk of death. So knowing the dangers and managing these risks well before diving is paramount. Because no prey can be more important than human life.

Recommendations for beginners

Diving efficiency and enjoyment are directly related to your experience and technique, as well as the practical information created for pre-preparation and how well-maintained it is.

What are the characteristics of good material?

Can you check the material you use correctly?

How can you increase your diving efficiency in your favor?

How to deal with small problems in sea?

The simple answers of these and many other conceivable problems, like these, will help you avoid wasting your diving party’s mishaps by spending a lot of time and effort.

For a less experienced underwater hunter, the diving party should actually starts from the night with impatience and longing. This preparation is summarized with two general questions;

* Is your material correct and of good quality?

* Can it pass a difficult test and is it well-groomed?

To give you the answers to these questions by discussing with your diving partner will protect you from possible unpleasant surprises.

Control of equipments

The right equipment to be used for underwater hunting is the open-cell neoprene on the inside, the outer jersey fabric, the neoprene and the short-sleeved long-wrist gloves made of kevlar or artificial leather, and the neoprene stockings. Carefully pay attention to the harmony of the foot stockings. It causes cramps as a result of the incompatibilities of the muscles, bumps and mutual muscles. Excessive tight socks and small fins, prevents blood circulation. When dressing, keep the socks under your pants.

*Check your speargun carefully

Apart from the very special purpose spearguns, standard spearguns are more or less the same as their portraits. The spearguns, which are usually the most commonly used lengths, is 75 or 90 cm. They are generally equipped with a rubber band, stainless steel 6.5 mm tahitien shaft with a long or short butterfly depending on the purpose. The wishbone can be articulated or knitted steel wire. For any branded speargun whose standards are like this, the checklist you need to follow is the same.

*Smooth operation of trigger mechanism

The purpose of this check is that the trigger mechanism must operate with the same loyalty, even if your speargun is installed on the second notch with a compatible rubber band. During the control, it may be a surprise to see how the mechanisms tested by simply attaching to the first notch will react to a stronger suspension. Indeed, this control is to do in the water. If you try your new speargun for the sake of wasting a day, you will get the result, if there is a problem, it will probably always happen. A well-working mechanism is washed with fresh water every time after it used and if it is lubricated with a spray silicone grease after dried, it will give you a long service.

*Control of shaft butterfly and connectors

The shaft can be warped and the tip is especially buried under the stone and the tip of the shaft can be blunt especially when hunting under stone. If you have a curvature on the shaft in the eye control, make sure to correct it. If the tip needs to be sharpened, do so manually and with a file. High-speed abrasives, such as stone engines or hand grinders, over-heat the material, disrupt the steel structure and take its hardness. Be sure to use monofilament shhoting line, it is useful to buy the original when buying shaft, but if you can not find it, the 1.20mm or 1.50mm fishing line will work even though it is a bit hard.

Especially under stone hunt, the shooting line can be eroded, in the smallest indication, renew the shooting line. The binding process is done with the original kleps.

– Check speargun rubber bands before every hunting , especially where you need to look is the part that gets into screw head. Renew the rubber band if you see crack or wear mark when you feel the band.Rubber bands lose their elasticity over time. If you’re going to take a long break, remove your rubber bands and keep them in a dark place with powder.

*Control of other materials

–All materials that are neoprene can be torn, the seams can be removed or punctured. The reason for using these materials is the heat insulation.If the fresh cold water that can come in will eliminate the benefits of your material, no matter how new. Carefully check your neoprene material after every diving.Keep into fresh water and then get it dry but not directly under the sun. Small splits in junction places are unclear unless neoprene is stretched. In such a case, combine with neoprene adhesive.

– The cracks on the fins unfortunately require their renewal. These cracks usually occur at the starting parts of the shoes, you can not see without removing. In the same way, the shoe section can be separated over time, both materials are sold separately.

–There is not much to say about the mask and snorkel, except for cleaning and maintenance, it is necessary to check the aging of the silicone parts occasionally. If you put this material in detergent water every few months, you will contribute to its cleanliness.


It is very important to collect and set the materials and get ready to go. The basic rule is to ensure that all the equipments required for freediving you have planned will be ready one day before. There is always the possibility of forgetting something at late preparations.


At spearfishing and freediving, nutrition is very important. The needs of the body to be able to work efficiently for hours you have to meet the needs of your body. Do not consume fatty foods as much as possible. For the drink, water is of course the best. Fruit juices are not recommended, as they may cause oxidation. Carbonated drinks shouldn’t be your favorite.

Good sleep is a great support, 24 hours before diving, if possible, should stop drinking alcohol.

Hunting area

The state of the sea and your physical capacity are two important parameters that will play a role in the selection of your hunting area. Learn about meteorology and the state of the sea in advance.

Small problems, practical measures

You have made the necessary adjustments to your mask, your weight belt is well calculated and in the right place, your speargun is ready and you are finally in the sea.

Although conditions are excellent, beginners and less experienced divers find themselves in discomfort in their first experiences. The smallest problem comes to a big one, creates stress, heart rhythm rises, and diving gets far from pleasant. All these are very natural. In an environment that we are not accustomed to at all, it is necessary to practice a lot of exercise in order not to be comfortable and not to be attracted.

In this section you will find a few suggestions for not wasting your time and effort.

– Increased heart rhythm

In addition to impatience and rush, being in stress increases the heart rhythm. Calm down and unwind, breathe slowly, and give it back with 2-3 second sets.

–Lack of visibility

For a variety of reasons, the lack of visibility in the sea can be a nuisance. With the curiosity and concern of what you will encounter without seeing the bottom structure, it may be difficult to start diving. Start freediving from shore and shallow as far as you can.

– Increased heat

Get some fresh water in your dress. The easiest way is to space the jaw of bonnet, fresh water will start to spread from your chest and relax. Excess water exits from the arms and legs.

– Your wetsuit tightens

If your wetsuit that you were using before is tightens you, it is either not fully adapted to your body, or there is air left inside. A few exaggerated arms and legs exercise on the surface allow the wetsuit to fit.

– You still have trouble.

As a few suggestions, create a comfortable and calm breathing tempo on the surface. Do not inflate your lungs as soon as it will explode and do not perform hyperventilation. Take care to equalize the ear , you are late in ear equalization when you feel pain.

Do not force your breath hold times on your first descents, within the first hour you reach your standards.

Create a freediving rhythm that fits your physical condition. Approach to the problems positively and experience the wonderful underwater world.